dependence


dependence
dependence, dependency
The state of being connected to and subordinate to someone or something. The opposite of self-reliance, this term may be encountered in a variety of sociological contexts. In the study of economic growth and the sociology of development , it describes a situation in which the less developed countries (LDCs) literally depend on inputs from the advanced industrial states, in order to achieve growth. This can take the form of financial and technical aid, expertise, or military support. Dependency is judged by so-called dependency theorists and others to be a limiting condition which is detrimental to the long-term economic and political interests of Third World states. In a medical context, the term is synonymous with addiction, the most common forms of dependency being associated with drug addiction and alcoholism (see drinking and alcoholism ). Individuals are sometimes described as being emotionally dependent, financially dependent, or politically dependent on others. Much research has also been done on the social consequences for relationships between the sexes of the financial dependence of many married women on their husbands (especially if the former are not involved in paid employment). See also compadrazgo ; patron-client relationship ; dependent variable.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Dependence — De*pend ence, n. [LL. dependentia, fr. L. dependens. See {Dependent}, and cf. {Dependance}.] 1. The act or state of depending; state of being dependent; a hanging down or from; suspension from a support. [1913 Webster] 2. The state of being… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dependence — UK [dɪˈpendəns] / US or dependency UK [dɪˈpendənsɪ] / US noun [uncountable] ** 1) a situation in which you need someone or something in order to live or succeed dependence on: our dependence on our parents the industry s dependence on coal 2) the …   English dictionary

  • dependence — [dɪˈpendəns] or dependency [dɪˈpendənsi] noun [U] 1) a situation in which you need someone or something in order to live or succeed Syn: reliance the industry s dependence on coal[/ex] 2) the fact that someone is ADDICTED to a drug or to alcohol …   Dictionary for writing and speaking English

  • dependence — dependence, dependency Dependence is ‘a state of depending’; dependency can also mean this but is more usually ‘something, especially a country or province, that is dependent on another’. The distinction was somewhat blurred by the emergence in… …   Modern English usage

  • dependence — / dependency [n1] confidence, reliance assurance, belief, credence, expectation, faith, hope, interdependence, responsibility, responsibleness, stability, steadiness, stock, trust, trustiness, trustworthiness; concepts 410,689 Ant. freedom,… …   New thesaurus

  • dependence — index faith, mainstay, mutuality, reliance, resource, trust (confidence) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton …   Law dictionary

  • dependence on — index credence Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • dependence — early 15c. (n.), c.1600 (adj.), from M.Fr. dépendance, from dependre (see DEPEND (Cf. depend)). Originally also DEPENDANCE (Cf. dependance) (the earlier form), depending whether the writer had French or Latin foremost in mind; the Latin form… …   Etymology dictionary

  • dependence — reliance, *trust, confidence, faith …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • dependence — or dependance [dē pen′dəns, dipen′dəns] n. [ME dependaunce < OFr dependance or ML dependentia < L dependens: see DEPENDENT] 1. the condition or fact of being dependent; specif., a) a being contingent upon or influenced, controlled, or… …   English World dictionary


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